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Grover Cleveland (2nd term)

Cleveland’s second election took place two years after the centennial census had been taken, showing that our nation had grown from about four million to about sixty–three million inhabitants. The voting process was carried on in a different way this time, because most of our states used the Australian system of balloting. As you perhaps… Read More

Arbitration Between Britain and America

Two questions arose with Great Britain while Ulysses S. Grant was President, which might have made trouble. But, instead of fighting, some of the best statesmen of both countries made a treaty at Washington (1871), saying that the difficulties should be decided by arbitration. Aboard of distinguished men, therefore, met at Geneva, in Switzerland, to… Read More

Cuba Seized

About a week after Hobson’s heroic deed, a force of American marines landed at Guantonamo Bay in Cuba, where they had to fight many hours to gain and hold the position they wanted. They defended it bravely, and the bay served as a harbor for the American ships. General Shafter’s army next landed a few… Read More

Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson, the seventeenth President of the United States, who took Lincoln’s place, meant to do what was right; but he had never expected to be President, and was thrust into that position at a very uncomfortable time. He had been a poor boy, and was forced to work so hard at his trade as… Read More

Indians Agree To Give Up Land

But, in spite of these drawbacks, the land was rapidly, becoming cultivated. Hoping to check the white men, or drive them away, the Indians now began to murder them, stealing upon them when they least expected such unwelcome visits. When Washington heard of this, he sent General St. Clair with an army to attack them… Read More

George Washington

As soon as the election was over, the news was carried by a horseman to Mount Vernon, where Washington was busy farming. Although several attempts had been made to reward him for his services, he had steadily refused all pay. When the state of Virginia wished to honor its greatest citizen, it made him a… Read More

Battle at Antietam

McClellan was ordered to take his army back to Washington by water; and Lee, advancing, fought another Union force, first at Cedar Mountain and then at Bull Run, where he won two brilliant victories, thus forcing the remainder of those troops to retreat and join McClellan. By this time the people in the North were… Read More

The End of the Civil War

Lee’s plan had been to force his way through the Union lines, and join Johnston farther south; but it was now too late. He was without food, and hemmed in on all sides by large armies. At the end of six days, therefore,—and after making as brave a stand as you can find in history,—he… Read More

Cotton Gin and Slavery

One day, in 1793, some planters remarked in Mrs. Greene’s presence that if a machine could only be invented which would separate cotton from its seeds, the Georgians would soon be rich. The lady promptly answered that if the machine could be made, she was sure Mr. Whitney was the man to do it, for… Read More

Washington Frees Some of His Slaves

The news of Washington’s death struck every heart with dismay. Congress broke up in silence, but, on assembling again the next day; it decided that the nation should wear mourning for thirty days to honor the great man who was, as Chief Justice Marshall said, “First in war, first in peace, and first in the… Read More